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Posts Tagged ‘Edible Plants’

The year I went to Horticulture school in Vancouver was unusually warm at Canadian Thanks Giving time and i went home on the train for the long weekend. While I was there I saw that someone had harvested the vegetables which I had planted in the small garden which I had kept. There was zucchini, tomatoes, peppers and cabbage there on the back porch when I got home. During the weekend I decided to walk around the neighborhood and see the gardens with my newly educated eyes and brain. To my surprise I saw some culinary Sage (Salvia officinalis) growing in a back garden. I decided as soon as I could I would give my mom a Sage plant to grow and use in her delicious turkey stuffing. She was so thrilled when she could use fresh Sage the following year.

Salvia officinalis 'Purpurescens' and 'Minimus"

Two forms of Savia officinalis are seen here, Dwarf and Purple leaved.

Sage has long seen as a valuable plant, it’s Latin name ‘Salvia’ means to heal. During the centuries past it has been used in many medicinal ways. It’s best known property is being used to reduce perspiration, this is useful for those persons dealing with night sweats. It is also well known as an astringent which has commonly been used as a gargle for  tonsillitis, laryngitis and sore throats. Salvia tea in the past was also prescribed for  problems such as nervous conditions, trembling, depression and vertigo. Crushed fresh leaves are used help relieve insect bites.

Salvia officinalis 'Rosea'

Salvia officinalis 'Rosea' is one flower color variation which makes an attractive addition to a garden.

Sage also has other qualities which were seen to be more important in the past. It was believed to help ward off evil spirits. The quality whhich is most important today is that of it’s ability to flavor savory dishes. The most traditional use at this time of the year is related to it’s use in the Christmas Turkey. Sage imparts a peppery earthy flavor which adds depth to many dishes. It can be used fresh or dried and it often blended with other herbs. It often is used with fatty meats such as duck, goose or pork.

Salvia officinalis 'Icterina'

Salvia officinalis 'Icterina' is also known as Golden Sage and is one of the brightest shrubs in the garden.

Savia officinalis is a low shrub which is evergreen, the leaves are unusual in that they are highly aromatic. There is now a fair selection of color forms ranging from the dusky purple of ‘Purpurascens‘ through the traditional ‘sage green’ through to almost yellow forms such as ‘Icertina’ and ‘Aurea’. There are also an attractive wider leaved form called ‘Berggarten’ and a narrow type ‘Lavandulaefolia’. ‘Tricolor’ is a weaker growing form which blends green, white and purple and commonly reverts to green. ‘Alba’ has the grayest foliage and produces attractive white flowers.

Salvia officinalis 'Purpascens'

Salvia officinalis 'Purpascens' is probably the most attractive and vigorous form of Sage to grow.

Sage is a member of the labiatae (mint) family and has the characteristic square stems and  lipped flowers. It is quite hardy for a herb and tolerates zone 4 -30f(-34c). Salvia officinalis grows to about 2ft(60cm) tall and slightly wider. The one thing which it dislikes is winter wet especially if the soil is poorly drained. Sage is best grown in full sun and sharply draining soil that is average in nutrient content.  Prune back after flowering.  It is a very versatile plant which grows well in many situations such as perennial borders, herb gardens, shrub borders,  rock gardens, container plantings and in areas of low watering or in sites which are not easily watered. You can also plant in places where the foliage will be rubbed to give off its scent. Sage is also a butterfly and bee attractant.

Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten'

Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten' has slightly broader leaves than other Sages.

Pests do not bother Sage. One disease (Verticillium dahliae) called Verticillium or  Sage Wilt will kill the plant. It is important if you have this problem not to replant any Sage in the same place again.  When selecting a plant to buy choose the most vigorous plant with the best coloring in the leaves as it can vary. Most forms are now produced by cuttings which easily root. You can grow the plain Salvia officinalis from seed but it will be more leggy compared to others.

Flowers of Salvia officinalis

The attractive flowers of Salvia officinalis are quite showy compared to other members of the mint family.

More wise advise on Sage:

My favorite site for all things herb and spice: http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Salv_off.html

Wiki page on Sage: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvia_officinalis

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Jen: I used to have a vegetable garden when I lived in Prince George which is a cool climate. Lettuce, carrots, potatoes, cabbage and many others grow very well there. The challenge was to grow the warmer climate, longer ripening  vegetables. I mastered them all with careful research on the best varieties for short season growing, sometimes as short as 1 month between frosts. One plant I especially wanted to grow were Tomatoes (Solanum lycopericum) which require lots of heat and sun.  Fortunately there are many special seed varieties of tomatoes just for northern climates and other tricky situations which grow just fine.

The many forms of heritage Tomatoes now available again for all to enjoy.

The many forms of heritage Tomatoes now available again for all to enjoy.

It is believed that the first Tomatoes which we might recognize came from the highlands of Peru. The plant diversified into 20 subspecies as it moved to different areas of the Americas. It is known that tomatoes have been eaten since prehistoric times in Mexico.  Hernando Cortez (1485-1547), the Spanish explorer is said to be the first European to have seen the fruit in the Aztec capital of Tenochititlan (modern day Mexico City). it is Cortez  who it is said introduced the fruit to Europe. The fruit he would have brought back to Europe would have probably been a small yellow fruit called ‘Xitmalt’ meaning plump thing with a naval.

A few of the many varieties available today, from large fleshy beefsteaks to the tiny berry forms.

A few of the many varieties available today, from large fleshy Beefsteak to the tiny berry forms.

Europeans where first suspicious of the fruit and thought it was poisonous, this was because early tableware had a high lead content.  The acid in the Tomatoes reacted to the lead and caused it to leech into food they were eating. Lead is highly toxic. Poorer people who used wooden plates and utensils never had this problem and commonly ate the fruit. Once dishes and utensils were made of better materials such as tin and porcelain Tomatoes made their way into wealthier families foods.

A family plot of Tomatoes.

A family plot of Tomatoes.

Tomatoes are especially popular which warmer climate countries such as Italy, Spain and of course South America. These countries have shown the way with their tasty use of tomatoes in all forms of cooking. As their forms of cuisine have become more popular, we have become more adventurous in using tomatoes in more unusual ways. We now use thick walled ‘plum’ tomatoes for making sauces, cherry  sweet Tomatoes for salads and for nibbling on and heirloom varieties for their rich deep unique flavors.

The big 'Beefsteak' Tomatoes are a favorite for Hambugers and sandwiches everywhere!

The big 'Beefsteak' Tomatoes are a favorite for Hamburgers and sandwiches everywhere!

Depending on your experience and the time you have, you can either start Tomatoes from seed or buy small starter plants. If you choose seed you can grow whatever type you want. I have always grown them from seed.  When growing them you need a sunny warm location which has food air circulation. they need to be well watered when growing and blooming and then less when the fruit is set. Tomatoes grow well both in the ground or in a large container which make them popular for patios and highrise apartments and condominiums.

This is the low acid Tomato variety 'Golden Girl'.

This is the low acid Tomato variety 'Golden Girl'.

Tomatoes like rich soil which drains well. It is important to stake your tomatoes to keep them off the ground as the fruit will rot if it is damp. Tomatoes have few problems if grown correctly and produce huge crops. Don’t worry if they do not all ripen before winter, there are many tasteful green tomato recipes such as relishes and chutney which will add flavor and interest to your dinner.

More on Tomatoes:

Tomato species: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato

A great history of the tomato: http://www.tomato-cages.com/tomato-history.html

Hernando Cortez who brought us the tomato: http://library.thinkquest.org/J002678F/cortez.htm

Finally, how to grow them: http://www.helpfulgardener.com/vegetable/2003/tomatoes.html

Are You Tomato Crazy Like Me?

Kim: I have always loved tomatoes whether eating them or cooking with them, they are one of the things my kitchen can’t do without and every time I’m grocery shopping I buy them diced, tomato sauce, raw, paste, crushed – I don’t care, they have such good uses for all kinds of dishes!

https://i0.wp.com/ordinaryrecipesmadegourmet.com/red-tomatoes.jpg

I’ve never grown my own tomatoes yet but someday after we move out of our lovely apartment life (I’m being sarcastic), I’d love to actually have a garden and growing tomatoes are first on the list, let me tell ya! Now before my post here, I was doing research on red tomatoes but I was also curious about green tomatoes too and especially since I don’t use them much. And tomatoes is our choice for September so I couldn’t limit my recipes to just using the reds.

https://i2.wp.com/ordinaryrecipesmadegourmet.com/green-tomato-growing.jpg

Green tomato growing – beautiful!

To begin my menu, I’ll start off with a familiar one but maybe overlooked a bit…

Fried Green Tomatoes

https://i0.wp.com/ordinaryrecipesmadegourmet.com/fried-green-tomatoes.jpg

Ingredients:
2 or 3 green tomatoes, sliced 1/4 inch thick
1/2 c. flour
Salt and pepper to taste
Oil for frying

Preparation:
Roll green tomato slices in flour. Salt and pepper and fry on both sides in oil until brown on both sides. Serve immediately. So good as a snack too!

Next on my list is a wonderful stuffed tomato and all my veggie friends will love this!

Stuffed Tomatoes and Peppers

https://i0.wp.com/ordinaryrecipesmadegourmet.com/stuffed-tomatoes-peppers.jpg

I borrowed this recipe from Recipezaar and I think it’s a great way to use up fresh tomatoes!

Ingredients:
5 medium perfectly-ripe yummy tomatoes
5 medium green peppers
3/4 c. olive oil
15 tbsp. rice, 1-1/2 tbsp. per tomato or pepper, to be stuffed
1 large onion, chopped fine (about 1-1/2 cups)
3 garlic cloves, minced very fine
1/4 c. fresh spearmint, minced (1 1/2 tblsps dried, crumbled)
1/2 c. parsley, minced (or cilantro)
1/2 c. pine nuts or slivered almond
1/2 c. hard mizithra cheese or kefalograviera cheese or parmesan cheese, cut into tiny cubes
1/2 c. sultana raisins (optional)
1 tsp. salt (I like using kosher salt)
1/2 tsp. pepper
1-1/2 c. water
1/2 c. olive oil
1 tbsp. tomato paste
salt and pepper

Preparation:
Cut off tops of tomatoes (retain tops) and carefully scoop out flesh (retain this as well) and the tops of peppers (retain tops) and remove seeds and membrane.

Place tomatoes and peppers in a pan large enough to hold them comfortably and give each vegetable a tiny dash of sugar with the tips of your fingertips (important!). Take tomato flesh and process it until pureed.  Add olive oil, rice, onion, garlic, mint, parsley/cilantro, nuts, cheese, sultanas, 1 teaspoon of salt and 1/2 teaspoon of pepper (or season to taste). Stuff the vegetables evenly with this mixture.

Replace tops of tomatoes and peppers. Combine 1 cup of water and 1/2 cup olive oil with a scant tablespoonful of tomato paste and a little salt and pepper and pour this around the vegetable.

Bake in a preheated 375 degree F oven (180 C) for approx 1-3/4 hours (vegetables should pierce easily and be slightly blackened in parts). Turn off oven and leave in for another hour to ‘set’ before serving. This is best served slightly warm or at room temperature.  YUMMY!!!

And no post on tomato is complete without using it in PIZZA so I won’t disappoint…

Tomato Mozzarella Pizza

https://i1.wp.com/ordinaryrecipesmadegourmet.com/tomato-mozzarella-pizza.jpg

Ingredients:
1 pkg. Pillsbury pizza dough (regular or thin crust)
2 c. shredded mozzarella
1/4 c. shredded parmesan cheese
2 tbsp. fresh basil, snipped
2/3 c. mayonnaise
2 garlic cloves, pressed
4 plum tomatoes (Roma tomatoes), thinly sliced
olive oil spray

Preparation:
Preheat oven to 375 degrees. Spray 12 x 15 cookie sheet with olive oil spray or just use a pizza stone (preferable). Roll dough onto cookie sheet. Sprinkle crust with 1 cup mozzarella.

Combine the remaining mozzarella cheese, parmesan, basil, garlic, and mayonnaise in bowl. Layer tomatoes over mozzarella and top with cheese and mayo mixture. Bake 15 to 20 minutes or until golden brown and bubbly.

I love all these dishes and I love how they can be served as snacks, side dishes, party or as an appetizer! I think it’s dinner time now and pizza sounds good to me right about now!!!

So that does it for our September choice but check us out next month where we pick another herb, plant, veggie or whatever is on our minds to write about! Haa haa!

Until next Month! Cheers!


Posted twice monthly by Jen and Kim

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Chives are Our Choice!

The mild flavor of Chives makes it a wonderful versitile herb which as you will see can be used in many different situations whether it is in your garden or on your place. So now its time to High Five the Chive!

Since I grew up in a very cold zone 3a( can get as cold as -40c/f) we were severely limited in what kind of plants could be grown. The growing season is short and fast, it can freeze into June and has beeen known to do the same in late August too. Fortunately many good vegtables can be grown as they many have quick seasons being annuals. Salads are supreme!  Once we conquered vegtables next we wanted to do herbs. This was more of a challenge. The first one my mother was given was Chives( Allium schoenoprasum) which has survived and thrived admirably there, producing year after year and happily seeding so we had to give it’s offspring away.

The Familiar Papery Purple Flowers of Chives.

The Familiar Papery Purple Flowers of Chives.

Allium schoenoprasum have been with us a long time as they naturally grow over a wide area of the Northern hemisphere. They are found wild in not only Europe and Asia as well as North America, which makes them the only Allium species which is known in the new and old world. Chives were known to be used by Gypsies in fortune telling( don’t ask me how)! They early on where known to ward off disease and it was common to see dried bunches hanging in the house for this purpose. Medicinally Chives where used as far back as the Roman era to relieve sunburn and sore throat pain. It was believed that eating Chives would increase blood pressure and increase urination. Farmers also knew that Alliums repelled bugs and other pests and would plant Chives along the edges of their crops to protect their main harvests.

Chives Are Ready to Harvest When They Are in Bud Like This.

Chives Are Ready to Harvest When They Are in Bud Like This.

Since we all know and have experienced with Onions(Alliums) we know something about Chives, They taste oniony. They can be a tasty addition to many culinary concoctions, the same can be said for in a garden.  Chives are one of the more well behaved members for working with in designing.  They can be Incorporated in many places and look perfectly at home. They can be used formally or informally and look like they belong. They have long been used in vegetables and herb gardens, but also can be used as an informal, low edging which is soft in the spring and becomes more colorful when in bloom.

Here Chives are used as as an informal edging in a medicinal/herb garden.

Here Chives are used as as an informal edging in a medicinal/herb garden.

All parts of Allium schoenoprasum are edible with the leaves cut finely to add to flavor soups, salads, sauces and other things. the flowers are added to salads more for the color. the bulbs are generally not harvested now as there are better members for culinary use such as Shallots. Other members of the onion family are very similar with thin grassy leaves and slightly differing flavor. I especially like the local Nodding Onions(Allium cernuum)  which have been harvested for centuries by the native peoples of this area which makes an attractive addition to my garden. Another small attracive Onion for your garden would be the white flowering Garlic Chives(Allium tuberosum) which has flat leaves which are slightly ‘garlicy’.

Allium cernuum(Nodding Onion) in my garden.

Allium cernuum(Nodding Onion) in my garden.

Growing Chives and other smaller onions is easy. they need full sun and well drained fertile soil. they do not like drought conditions are will become susceptible to disease if this happens. remember to clean all the debris of the dead leaves in the fall to keep them free of any problems. As they are a bulb it is best to remove the flower buds if you are growing them for repeated harvest throughout the year. they also seed seed very freely if not deadheaded after blooming. Large clumps can be divided in the spring or fall to increase their vigour.

More About Chives:

Growing Chives the easy way: http://www.garden.ie/howtogrow.aspx?id=1047

A little about the history and the family of Alliums: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chives

Until We Meet Again Next Month Happy Eating…. and Happy Gardening!

From Kim: Our Choice is Chives!

Chives is one of those ingredients I use a lot in cooking and oftentimes I use in conjunction with green onions. I love its mild flavor while yet still giving me that onion taste I want without being overbearing. There’s so many uses for this herb, mostly you’d see it as a garnish to a loaded baked potato or pasta dish but I wanted to do more with it for this post – and show chives as a topping but also cooked within the dishes. Now for a few facts about chives:

They are part of Alliaceae (onion family). Chives’ constituents equal those of the close relatives, onions and garlic. The following volatile com­ponents have been identified: dipropyl disulfide, methyl pentyl disulfide, pentanethiol, pentyl-hydro­disulfid and cis/trans-3,5-diethyl-1,2,4-tri­thiolane. Chives contain significant amounts of the vitamins A and C.

Gernot Katzer’s Chives Spice Pages | see Jen’s page also for more information on Chives

One of the ways I use chives also is in stir frying. Because most of the time I use fresh chives, I don’t want them to cook too long and burn so stir frying which takes such a short time is perfect for this long stem onion and so now let me introduce you to my menu, first up:

For Breakfast – Scrambled Eggs & Chives

Easy dish in the morning to make and remember that breakfast really is the important meal of the day – this is not a heavy meal in the mornings either. It’s not good to eat anything that weighs you down when you still have eight or more hours to go before dinner.

Ingredients:
4 eggs
1/4 stick butter
Pepper to taste
chives (rough chop)

Preparation:
Warm pan, add butter. Beat eggs in a separate bowl and add chives. Add eggs to pan. Scramble and pepper to taste. Best to eat right after you fix them.
So, now that we’ve taken care of breakfast, it’s time to go on to lunch and so how about:

Carmelized Onions Mushroom & Chives Quiche

Isn’t this a pretty dish? Love it! This could also be a side dish for dinner too or served at a dinner party. I think it’s elegant looking enough but the primary thing is that it tastes good and the recipe is quite simple:

Ingredients:
2 tbsp. minced shallots or white of green onions
3 tbsp. butter
1/2 lb. sliced mushrooms
1/2 tsp. salt
1 tsp. lemon juice
1 tbsp. flour
2 tbsp. chicken stock
3 eggs
1 c. heavy cream
9″ pastry shell
1/4 c. shredded Swiss cheese
Snipped chives

Preparation:
Saute shallots in butter until tender. Add mushrooms, cook until tender. Stir in salt, lemon juice, flour, and stock; simmer 5 minutes or until liquid has evaporated; cool.

Beat eggs and cream until mixed. Stir in mushroom mixture. Pour into shell and sprinkle with cheese. Bake at 375 degrees for 25-30 minutes or until set. Garnish with chives.

Notice with this dish, I’m combining three onions – shallots, green onions, and chives. They’re all a mild flavor – shallots having sort of a sweet aroma to them and so they complement each other well. I love vidalias and use them the most as far as onions go and I have mixed them with chives too, to me they balance each other out.

And so now I need to get on with supper right? So don’t want to disappoint…I have two choices for you so without further ado First Choice:

Capellini Shrimp Chives Served with Sour Cream Chives Biscuits

Oh boy now seafood and chives, I’m really in my element now!!!!!

Ingredients:
1/2 lb. raw med. shrimp, cleaned, peeled & deveined
1 tbsp. EVOO
1 med. vidalia onion, chopped
2 cloves garlic, crushed
4 heirloom tomatoes, sliced
1/4 tsp. pepper
Dash of cayenne
1 tsp. dried basil
Salt to taste
1/4 c. minced fresh chives
1/2 c. pitted, chopped black olives
Grated Parmesan cheese
12 oz. capellini or long pasta

Preparation:
Heat oil in large skillet; add onion, garlic and shrimp; saute until shrimp turns pink. Remove shrimp and set aside. Add tomatoes, pepper, cayenne, basil and salt to the onion mixture. Bring to a boil and reduce heat. Simmer, uncovered for 5 minutes. Add shrimp, parsley and olives to mixture. Serve over noodles with chives.

I even like to use chives for the presentation to make the whole meal come together pretty on the plate. It just adds a special touch that the eyes feast on first and I love to play with my food.

Ingredients:
2 c. Bisquick
1 c. dairy sour cream
3/4 c. plain yogurt
1 tbsp. dried snipped chives

Preparation:
Mix all ingredients until dough forms, beat 30 seconds. Turn onto surface, dusted with baking mix, gently roll in baking mix to coat. Shape into ball. Knead 0 times. Roll 1/2 inch thick. Cut with 2 inch cutter dipped in baking mix. Bake on ungreased cookie sheet until golden brown, 8-10 minutes, in preheated 450 degree oven. So good!!!!!

Here’s my second choice and to me it is a sophisticated looking dish, colorful and all!

Pasta with Cherry Tomatoes and Chives

Isn’t this a lovely way to use chives? I think so, the cherry tomatoes add such dimension with its color but flavor too! Who says everyday ingredients together have to look boring?

One last thing…

Suppose you’re hosting a party and you need a good appetizer for it? I know that when I host a party, which is rare, I clam up beforehand and I look for something simple to serve to sort break the ice but also to help me calm down a bit. So I have a really good idea to serve up:

Smoked Trout Served on Crackers with Cream Cheese and Chives



Ingredients:

10 ounces smoked trout fillet, skin and bones removed
cream cheese
Crackers (your favorite brand)
Chives, snipped

Preparation:
Cut smoked trout and to fit on top of the crackers. Spread each cracker with cream cheese, top with the trout and sprinkle chives on top. Makes a pretty appetizer!

This simple appetizer you can’t go wrong with and I think that when you make anything look nice on the plate, your guests will think you’re a gourmet chef but you don’t have to be to serve really beautiful looking and great tasting dishes! Remember that if you’re not big on cooking. You don’t have to be afraid to experiment – it doesn’t have a set formula the way baking does.

And with that said, this concludes my take on chives for this month! Hope you try any one of these and let us know what you think. Visit Jen’s page will give you detailed information on chives along with some beautiful photos!

Until next month…from The Garden Palette!

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